In North America, Ulster Presbyterian migrants are known as Scotch or Scots-Irish, whereas in Ireland they are known as the Ulster Scots. In the case of the 1718 migration, this is not simply a question of semantics. One recent authority has claimed that since the 1718 settlers ‘were probably more Ulster than Scottish by 1718, they may be perhaps more aptly termed 'Ulster Scots'.5
Other historians have, however, argued that many of those who migrated to America were actually natives of Scotland who had arrived in Ulster between 1685 and 1688 and thus had closer links with Scotland than Ulster.6 For the benefit of clarity and because the migrants travelled to America, the term Scots-Irish will be employed here.
back to top
5 Desmond McCourt, ‘County Derry and New England: The Scotch-Irish migration of 1718’, in Gerard O’Brien (ed.) Derry and Londonderry: Interdisciplinary essays on the history and society of an Irish County (Dublin, 1999), pp. 304–5.
6 James G. Leyburn, The Scotch Irish: A Social History (Chapel Hill, 1962), p. 238.